映射器的本质是生成动态代理对象

新版本的至今没找到....

这里直接使用DefaultSqlSession类做说明

编写的工具类

    public static SqlSession openSqlSesion(){
        // 判空处理
        if(sqlSessionFactory == null){
            initSqlSessionFactory();
        }
        return sqlSessionFactory.openSession();
    }

进入openSession可以发现这是一个接口

public interface SqlSessionFactory {

  SqlSession openSession();

  SqlSession openSession(boolean autoCommit);

  SqlSession openSession(Connection connection);

  SqlSession openSession(TransactionIsolationLevel level);

  SqlSession openSession(ExecutorType execType);

  SqlSession openSession(ExecutorType execType, boolean autoCommit);

  SqlSession openSession(ExecutorType execType, TransactionIsolationLevel level);

  SqlSession openSession(ExecutorType execType, Connection connection);

  Configuration getConfiguration();

}

新类使用的是SqlSessionManager

  @Override
  public SqlSession openSession() {
    return sqlSessionFactory.openSession();
  }

其sqlSessionFactory如下

2019-04-20-01-49-28------

可以发现这是一个单例

  private SqlSessionManager(SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory) {
    this.sqlSessionFactory = sqlSessionFactory;
    this.sqlSessionProxy = (SqlSession) Proxy.newProxyInstance(
        SqlSessionFactory.class.getClassLoader(),
        new Class[]{SqlSession.class},
        new SqlSessionInterceptor());
  }

采取类加载机制,类加载进入内存当中

加载进入的如下几个

 public static SqlSessionManager newInstance(Reader reader) {
    return new SqlSessionManager(new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader, null, null));
  }

  public static SqlSessionManager newInstance(Reader reader, String environment) {
    return new SqlSessionManager(new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader, environment, null));
  }

  public static SqlSessionManager newInstance(Reader reader, Properties properties) {
    return new SqlSessionManager(new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader, null, properties));
  }

  public static SqlSessionManager newInstance(InputStream inputStream) {
    return new SqlSessionManager(new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(inputStream, null, null));
  }

  public static SqlSessionManager newInstance(InputStream inputStream, String environment) {
    return new SqlSessionManager(new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(inputStream, environment, null));
  }

  public static SqlSessionManager newInstance(InputStream inputStream, Properties properties) {
    return new SqlSessionManager(new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(inputStream, null, properties));
  }

  public static SqlSessionManager newInstance(SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory) {
    return new SqlSessionManager(sqlSessionFactory);
  }

采用的是

new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader, null, null)

对于builder来说如下

  public SqlSessionFactory build(Reader reader, String environment, Properties properties) {
    try {
      XMLConfigBuilder parser = new XMLConfigBuilder(reader, environment, properties);
      return build(parser.parse());
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error building SqlSession.", e);
    } finally {
      ErrorContext.instance().reset();
      try {
        reader.close();
      } catch (IOException e) {
        // Intentionally ignore. Prefer previous error.
      }
    }
  }

可以看到是一个配置类

然后进入return
可以发现进入

  private final Configuration configuration;

进入配置类

public class Configuration {

所有的配置文件信息都在这里,并且生成的保存配置文件的对象也会保存为此类实例化的对象.

第581行可以看到这是个执行器

执行器

public Executor newExecutor(Transaction transaction) {
    return newExecutor(transaction, defaultExecutorType);
  }

  public Executor newExecutor(Transaction transaction, ExecutorType executorType) {
    executorType = executorType == null ? defaultExecutorType : executorType;
    executorType = executorType == null ? ExecutorType.SIMPLE : executorType;
    Executor executor;
    if (ExecutorType.BATCH == executorType) {
      executor = new BatchExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else if (ExecutorType.REUSE == executorType) {
      executor = new ReuseExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else {
      executor = new SimpleExecutor(this, transaction);
    }
    if (cacheEnabled) {
      executor = new CachingExecutor(executor);
    }
    executor = (Executor) interceptorChain.pluginAll(executor);
    return executor;
  }

这就是SqlSession下的第一个对象,生成执行器的方法.

执行器是用于执行Java和数据库交互的东西
根据源码可以看到有三种执行器

if (ExecutorType.BATCH == executorType) {
      executor = new BatchExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else if (ExecutorType.REUSE == executorType) {
      executor = new ReuseExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else {
      executor = new SimpleExecutor(this, transaction);
    }
    if (cacheEnabled) {
      executor = new CachingExecutor(executor);
    }

这是三种执行器

    executorType = executorType == null ? defaultExecutorType : executorType;
    executorType = executorType == null ? ExecutorType.SIMPLE : executorType;

这两句是根据配置文件读取内容
这一句是

 interceptorChain.pluginAll(executor)

为配置文件,并且将会执行配置插件的代码
可以在这里看下这个方法

      executor = new SimpleExecutor(this, transaction);

可以看一下执行SimpleExecutor的代码

/**
 *    Copyright 2009-2019 the original author or authors.
 *
 *    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *    you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *    You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *    WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *    See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *    limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.ibatis.executor;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.ibatis.cursor.Cursor;
import org.apache.ibatis.executor.statement.StatementHandler;
import org.apache.ibatis.logging.Log;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.BoundSql;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.MappedStatement;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.Configuration;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.ResultHandler;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.RowBounds;
import org.apache.ibatis.transaction.Transaction;

/**
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public class SimpleExecutor extends BaseExecutor {

  public SimpleExecutor(Configuration configuration, Transaction transaction) {
    super(configuration, transaction);
  }

  @Override
  public int doUpdate(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt = null;
    try {
      Configuration configuration = ms.getConfiguration();
      StatementHandler handler = configuration.newStatementHandler(this, ms, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT, null, null);
      stmt = prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());
      return handler.update(stmt);
    } finally {
      closeStatement(stmt);
    }
  }

  @Override
  public <E> List<E> doQuery(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt = null;
    try {
      Configuration configuration = ms.getConfiguration();
      StatementHandler handler = configuration.newStatementHandler(wrapper, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
      stmt = prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());
      return handler.query(stmt, resultHandler);
    } finally {
      closeStatement(stmt);
    }
  }

  @Override
  protected <E> Cursor<E> doQueryCursor(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    Configuration configuration = ms.getConfiguration();
    StatementHandler handler = configuration.newStatementHandler(wrapper, ms, parameter, rowBounds, null, boundSql);
    Statement stmt = prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());
    stmt.closeOnCompletion();
    return handler.queryCursor(stmt);
  }

  @Override
  public List<BatchResult> doFlushStatements(boolean isRollback) {
    return Collections.emptyList();
  }

  private Statement prepareStatement(StatementHandler handler, Log statementLog) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt;
    Connection connection = getConnection(statementLog);
    stmt = handler.prepare(connection, transaction.getTimeout());
    handler.parameterize(stmt);
    return stmt;
  }

}

这一个是执行查询的方法

  @Override
  public <E> List<E> doQuery(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt = null;
    try {
      Configuration configuration = ms.getConfiguration();
      StatementHandler handler = configuration.newStatementHandler(wrapper, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
      stmt = prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());
      return handler.query(stmt, resultHandler);
    } finally {
      closeStatement(stmt);
    }
  }

MyBatis会根据配置文件构建StatementHandler

StatementHandler handler = configuration.newStatementHandler(wrapper, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);

再次调用prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());对配置文件的SQL进行编译并进行初始化

prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());

最后通过这一句执行查询

handler.query(stmt, resultHandler);

其中会构建出newStatementHandler
该执行器的作用是用来调度处理数据库会话器,参数处理器,结果处理器等

数据库会话器

数据库会话器用于处理数据库会话的
继续回到配置类中


/**
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public class Configuration {

查看生成的会话器方法

  public StatementHandler newStatementHandler(Executor executor, MappedStatement mappedStatement, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) {
    StatementHandler statementHandler = new RoutingStatementHandler(executor, mappedStatement, parameterObject, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
    statementHandler = (StatementHandler) interceptorChain.pluginAll(statementHandler);
    return statementHandler;
  }

其是一个实现了StatementHandler接口的实例化的RoutingStatementHandler的对象

然后查看该类

public RoutingStatementHandler(Executor executor, MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) {

    switch (ms.getStatementType()) {
      case STATEMENT:
        delegate = new SimpleStatementHandler(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
        break;
      case PREPARED:
        delegate = new PreparedStatementHandler(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
        break;
      case CALLABLE:
        delegate = new CallableStatementHandler(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
        break;
      default:
        throw new ExecutorException("Unknown statement type: " + ms.getStatementType());
    }

  }

这是一个数据库会话器,定义了一个

private final StatementHandler delegate;

这里采用的是适配器模式

用来根据配置文件生成对应的StatementHandler对象,然后给所有的生成该类的,提供一个简易的适配器
这个适配器为一个简易的接口

/**
 *    Copyright 2009-2016 the original author or authors.
 *
 *    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *    you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *    You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *    WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *    See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *    limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.ibatis.executor.statement;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.ibatis.cursor.Cursor;
import org.apache.ibatis.executor.parameter.ParameterHandler;
import org.apache.ibatis.mapping.BoundSql;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.ResultHandler;

/**
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public interface StatementHandler {

  Statement prepare(Connection connection, Integer transactionTimeout)
      throws SQLException;

  void parameterize(Statement statement)
      throws SQLException;

  void batch(Statement statement)
      throws SQLException;

  int update(Statement statement)
      throws SQLException;

  <E> List<E> query(Statement statement, ResultHandler resultHandler)
      throws SQLException;

  <E> Cursor<E> queryCursor(Statement statement)
      throws SQLException;

  BoundSql getBoundSql();

  ParameterHandler getParameterHandler();

}

该接口有以上方法

生成对象的,并实现了该接口的类为SimpleStatementHandler所以进入该SimpleStatementHandler类

最重要的三个方法,prepare, parameterize, query
由于该类已经继承了,所以应当进入BaseStatementHandler类

public Statement prepare(Connection connection, Integer transactionTimeout) throws SQLException {
    ErrorContext.instance().sql(boundSql.getSql());
    Statement statement = null;
    try {
      statement = instantiateStatement(connection);
      setStatementTimeout(statement, transactionTimeout);
      setFetchSize(statement);
      return statement;
    } catch (SQLException e) {
      closeStatement(statement);
      throw e;
    } catch (Exception e) {
      closeStatement(statement);
      throw new ExecutorException("Error preparing statement.  Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }

其中instantiateStatement方法是对
SQL进行预编译,超时,获取最大行数

执行器再次会调用

  @Override
  public void parameterize(Statement statement) {
    // N/A
  }

我也不知道为什么会是N/A

这里以查询为例子,会调度到

 @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(Statement statement, ResultHandler resultHandler) throws SQLException {
    String sql = boundSql.getSql();
    statement.execute(sql);
    return resultSetHandler.handleResultSets(statement);
  }

由于执行器都已经编译完成,参数都已经加入了进去,所以了resultSetHandler.handleResultSets(statement) 对执行的参数和结果进行返回

这里的一条SQL执行流程就熟悉了.

数据库的执行器会生成StatementHandler对象,然后调用prepare方法,该prepare方法,会调用instantiateStatement对sql进行预编译,然后在调用parameterize对参数设置,最后控制器再调度到query,进行查询,获取sql,进行执行,最后返回结果

参数处理器

在上方代码中可以看到执行器是通过参数处理器parameterize进行参数处理的

  @Override
  public void parameterize(Statement statement) throws SQLException {
    parameterHandler.setParameters((PreparedStatement) statement);
  }

继续查看初始化的参数

  protected final ParameterHandler parameterHandler;

进入该接口

/**
 *    Copyright 2009-2019 the original author or authors.
 *
 *    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *    you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *    You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *    WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *    See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *    limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.ibatis.executor.parameter;

import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.SQLException;

/**
 * A parameter handler sets the parameters of the {@code PreparedStatement}.
 *
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public interface ParameterHandler {

  Object getParameterObject();

  void setParameters(PreparedStatement ps)
      throws SQLException;

}


其中MyBatis的实现类为

public class DefaultResultSetHandler implements ResultSetHandler

这个是参数处理设置


  @Override
  public void setParameters(PreparedStatement ps) {
    ErrorContext.instance().activity("setting parameters").object(mappedStatement.getParameterMap().getId());
    List<ParameterMapping> parameterMappings = boundSql.getParameterMappings();
    if (parameterMappings != null) {
      for (int i = 0; i < parameterMappings.size(); i++) {
        ParameterMapping parameterMapping = parameterMappings.get(i);
        if (parameterMapping.getMode() != ParameterMode.OUT) {
          Object value;
          String propertyName = parameterMapping.getProperty();
          if (boundSql.hasAdditionalParameter(propertyName)) { // issue #448 ask first for additional params
            value = boundSql.getAdditionalParameter(propertyName);
          } else if (parameterObject == null) {
            value = null;
          } else if (typeHandlerRegistry.hasTypeHandler(parameterObject.getClass())) {
            value = parameterObject;
          } else {
            MetaObject metaObject = configuration.newMetaObject(parameterObject);
            value = metaObject.getValue(propertyName);
          }
          TypeHandler typeHandler = parameterMapping.getTypeHandler();
          JdbcType jdbcType = parameterMapping.getJdbcType();
          if (value == null && jdbcType == null) {
            jdbcType = configuration.getJdbcTypeForNull();
          }
          try {
            typeHandler.setParameter(ps, i + 1, value, jdbcType);
          } catch (TypeException | SQLException e) {
            throw new TypeException("Could not set parameters for mapping: " + parameterMapping + ". Cause: " + e, e);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

结果处理器

对于ResuSetHandler来说有如下几个

/**
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public interface ResultSetHandler {

  <E> List<E> handleResultSets(Statement stmt) throws SQLException;

  <E> Cursor<E> handleCursorResultSets(Statement stmt) throws SQLException;

  void handleOutputParameters(CallableStatement cs) throws SQLException;

}